The “trial of the century” — in which former President Hosni Mubarak, his sons, the former interior minister and six of his aides are accused of killing protesters, making illicit gains and embezzling public funds — has been ongoing for three years. Born out of the political crisis that the January 25 revolution created for the state, the trial has continued to develop in parallel with continuing political crises. Here’s a timeline of the trial and the particular political contexts in which it developed.
Public Prosecutor Abdel Meguid Mahmoud receives reports accusing Mubarak of inciting the killing of protestors and illicit gains. He asks the security apparatus and auditing bodies to submit reports and any evidence they have. He also issues an order to freeze Mubarak’s financial assets and those of his family, putting them on the no-fly list pending investigations.
Protests continue, demanding Mubarak’s prosecution for killing protesters and political and financial corruption.
The Saudi-owned Al Arabiya news channel airs a recorded message by Mubarak in which he denies the murder and corruption charges. The public prosecutor decides to keep him in custody for 15 days pending investigation, and the public attorney sends him to Sharm el-Sheikh International Hospital, and his sons, Alaa and Gamal, to Tora prison for preventative detention.
Millions of protestors go to the streets on April 9, accusing the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) of deliberately delaying Mubarak’s trial and the prosecution of the old regime’s allies.
A number of army officers appear in Tahrir Square to join the protestors.
Military police attacks protesters in the square, arrest the officers and dozens of protestors. At least one protester is killed.
May 24, 2011
The public prosecutor refers Mubarak and his sons to criminal court.
On July 28, Justice Minister Abd al-Aziz al-Gindy announces that Mubarak’s trial will start on August 3.
Protestors demonstrate against SCAF and the Muslim Brotherhood, accusing them both of complicity in covering Mubarak’s crimes.
August 3, 2011
Mubarak enters the first trial session lying on a hospital bed. The court rules at the end of the session that he is to be sent to the International Medical Center run by the Armed Forces.
The court summons Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, the head of SCAF, alongside his deputy and Armed Forces Chief of Staff Sami Anan, former Vice President Omar Suleiman, and two former ministers of interior, Mansour al-Issawy and Mohamed Wagdy.
Some reports of Tantawi’s testimony claim that he denied that Mubarak issued orders to kill protestors.
Protesters continue to voice accusations against SCAF for overlooking Mubarak’s crimes, especially after the reports on Tantawi’s testimony.
The public prosecutor requests the death sentence for Mubarak and Adly on charges of killing protestors.
Political movements call for the commemoration of the first anniversary of the revolution, denouncing SCAF and requesting a speedy end to the interim phase.
June 2, 2012
The Cairo Criminal Court sentences Mubarak and Adly to life in prison, acquits Adly’s six aides, and rules that the case against Mubarak, his sons, and Hussein Salem for abuse of power and receiving bribes is no longer valid. It also acquits Mubarak in the case of exporting gas to Israel. The public prosecutor orders the transfer of Mubarak to Tora prison to start his sentence.
December 27, 2012
Talaat Abdallah, the public prosecutor appointed by former President Mohamed Morsi, agrees to move Mubarak to the Maadi Military Hospital.
January 13, 2013
The Appeals Court rules that all verdicts in Mubarak’s case are void, and orders a retrial for all defendants.
In the lead-up to the second anniversary of the January 25 revolution, protesters chant, “Down with the Supreme Guide,” denouncing Morsi’s regime.
Abdallah issues an order remanding Mubarak into custody for 15 days pending investigation for embezzling the presidential palaces public funds.
The Tamarod movement steps up the campaign against Morsi’s rule.
July 3, 2013
Mubarak is acquitted on two other charges of financial corruption, embezzling presidential palaces public funds and illegally receiving gifts through the state-owned Al-Ahram institution. Although he is acquitted, Mubarak is ordered to be under forced residency at the Maadi hospital.
The SCAF, now headed by Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who is also the minister of defense, ousts Morsi from power and appoints Adly Mansour, head of the Supreme Constitutional Court, interim president.
September 15, 2013
A leaked conversation with Mubarak in the Maadi Hospital records him commending Sisi and his role in eliminating the Muslim Brotherhood from power, describing him as “a shrewd man.”
March 27, 2014
On national television Sisi resigns as the minister of defense and says he will run in the presidential elections.
April 3, 2014
A recorded conversation with Mubarak is leaked, in which he says that the only person fit for Egypt’s presidency is Sisi.
June 8, 2014
Sisi is elected president with 96.9 percent of the vote.
A television channel airs the defense of Mubarak’s minister of interior and his aides against the charge of killing protestors, in which they describe the January revolution as a “foreign conspiracy.” On August 13, Mubarak defends himself in court in a televised statement, denying that he ordered the killing of protestors or causing chaos.